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Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic disease where a person's blood sugar level is too high. This is because the body is either having a problem producing insulin, or the body can’t use the insulin it is producing effectively

Types of Diabetes :

There are two types of diabetes :

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed at an early age, before adulthood. It is an auto-immune disease that occurs when the immune system attacks and destroys the pancreatic cells that produce insulin.

Type 2 diabetes is more common in people aged 45 and over. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn't produce enough insulin, or when the body's cells don't react to insulin. Type 2 diabetes is frequently linked to obesity and is far more common than type 1.

Symptoms of Diabetes :

Visit your doctor as soon as possible if you experience the main symptoms of diabetes, which include: · Frequent or increased urination, particularly at night

·Excessive thirst and/or hunger

· Excessive tiredness or fatigue.

· Blurred vision

· Sores or cuts that won’t heal

If you regularly experience any of these symptoms, discuss diabetes testing with your doctor. Diabetes can usually be diagnosed via a simple blood test that measures blood glucose levels over a period of time

Living with Diabetes:

Lifestyle is important when managing both types of diabetes. If you are overweight, bringing your weight down to a healthy level is important to reduce your risk of further complications from diabetes. If you're diabetic, you'll need to take extra care eat healthily, avoiding heavily processed foods and refined carbohydrates. You’ll also need to exercise often and monitor your blood glucose levels daily.

In addition, type 1 diabetics will need regular insulin injections. Type 2 diabetics may need to take medication, such as Metformin, to help their body regulate blood sugar.

If you are diabetic, you should consult with your doctor to agree on the appropriate medications and lifestyle changes that will allow you to manage your condition.

Hypoglycemia :

Most diabetics are concerned with keeping their blood sugar low enough but hypoglycemia, dangerously low blood sugar, is a risk. Type 1 diabetics are particularly at risk of hypoglycemia although it can sometimes occur with type 2 diabetics.

Symptoms of hypoglycemia include sweating, weakness, and dizziness, and it can be life-threatening.

If a diabetic experiences these symptoms, they need to raise their blood sugar quickly, by consuming something sugary, such as a glucose tablet or some candy.

Diabetic Complications :

 If the condition is not well-managed, diabetics are at risk of complications such as:

·eye diseases

· foot problems

· skin conditions

· kidney disease

· heart disease

· gum infections

· urinary tract infections

The risk of experiencing these complications can be reduced with a solid diabetes management plan that is put together and monitored by health professionals.

Prevention :

Although there are no lifestyle changes that will lower your risk of type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes can often be prevented or managed with appropriate lifestyle changes.

If you’re overweight, take action to reduce your weight. Following the advice on healthy eating and regular exercise may be enough to make this happen.

Eat foods that are low in fat and high in fiber. Aim to eat mostly fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

Exercise often.Aim for 30 minutes of activity a day that is enough to make you break into a light sweat. Brisk walking, bike riding, and swimming are all good choices.

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