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What is diabetes?

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition where your blood sugar levels are above normal. Diabetes results from the inability of blood sugar to get into your cells. This makes your body cells starve for glucose to generate energy.

Studies show that about 20 million Americans have diabetes and almost a half of these patients don't even know they have it. This disease can cause serious health issues including blindness, heart disease, lower-extremity amputations, kidney failure and even death. In fact, patients who have diabetes have similar health risks like heart attack patients. Therefore, it’s advisable to have physicians to monitor blood pressure and cholesterol levels of diabetes patients closely. Additionally, patients should stop using tobacco as it multiplies the health risks.

Types of diabetes

There are two common types of diabetes, Type 1 diabetes, and type 2 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children and teenagers and only accounts for about 10% of diabetes patients. In this kind of diabetes, the pancreas doesn't generate any insulin at all.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common one, accounting for about 90% of the total number of people suffering from the disease. In type 2 diabetes, either your body does not produce enough insulin, or your body cells ignore the insulin produced. This is referred to as insulin resistance.

Other types of diabetes that are not very common include gestation diabetes, which is common in pregnant women. If not dealt with in its early stages, it can lead to the death of the mother or child. Other diabetic types can result from genetic syndromes, drugs, surgery, malnutrition, and infections account for 1% of all diabetic types.

How does one contact diabetes?

Various risk factors increase your chances of contracting diabetes. Risk factors for diabetes 2 include obesity, age, family history, physical inactivity, and ethnicity. For type 1 diabetes, risk factors are less defined, but environmental factors play a significant role in contacting this kind of diabetes.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Some of the common symptoms of diabetes include:

1. Frequent urination

2. Unexplained weight loss

3. Feeling tired all the time

4. More infections than usual

5. Numbness in hands and feet

6. Extreme hunger Also, nausea, stomach pains and vomiting might also accompany the symptoms mentioned above.

How is diabetes treated?

Type one diabetes is dealt with by eating healthy, exercising and administering insulin injections. The amount of insulin taken must be equivalent to the food taken and the daily activities.

For type 2 diabetes, blood glucose testing, healthy living, and exercising are the primary therapies used in treatment. Moreover, type 2 diabetes needs oral medication and insulin to control the blood sugar levels. Oral medications usually stimulate the pancreas to make more insulin. Other oral medicines open up the cells to allow glucose into the cells thus dropping your blood sugars to normal.

What medications do I need for my diabetes?

Your doctor can prescribe different types of medications for your diabetes. However, these drugs end up causing various nutrition deficiencies which may increase your chances of contracting chronic degenerative diseases. A good example of a drug you can take is NutraMD Diabetes Essential which will replace the lost nutrients in your body and reduce the risk of contracting dangerous side effects while promoting better health.