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Health Issues Affecting Diabetics and How to Leave Healthily

Health Issues Affecting Diabetics and How to Leave Healthily

Diabetes refers to a health condition that causes an individual’s blood sugar to rise above normal. There are two main types of diabetes namely type 1 and type 2 diabetes. While type 1 refers to a situation where the body destroys cells that produce insulin, type 2 is where the body cannot be able to manufacture enough insulin. Those who suffer from this condition are, therefore, referred to as diabetics. But what are the health issues affecting diabetics?

Health issues affecting diabetics

Obesity- This is a condition where the patient is at a risk for diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. One of the best ways to manage this condition without medication is to lose weight. Some of the best ways to do thi include exercise and diet. These will not only help you lose weight but will also make you feel better.

Hypoglycemia- Also referred to as blood sugar, this typically occurs when your blood sugar drops below the normal level. Some of the symptoms of hypoglycemia include fast heartbeat, dizziness, nervousness, nausea, hunger, and anxiety. Untreated or severe hypoglycemia could lead to coma, accidents, or even death. To treat this condition, you need to consume 20 grams of carbohydrates or sugar. Your doctor may also prescribe some of the treatments.

Nerve damage- Nerve damage or diabetic neuropathy occurs when high blood sugar damages the nerves. Some of the signs of this condition include pain, numbness, tingling, and pain in the both hands and feet. If you are diabetic, your doctor should perform nerve and foot checks.

Hear disease- Considered as the most serious condition, this is one of the major causes of deaths among diabetics. The continuous increase in blood sugar leads to a gradual build-up of fats and deposition of the vessels thereby hardening them. If you have high cholesterol and high blood sugar then you are even at high risks.

Kidney disease- This is a condition that arises when the kidney loses its ability to filter the urine. High blood sugar can make the kidney to filter more blood leading to the damage the kidneys. Keeping your blood sugar within the range and managing your diabetes can help you prevent the risk for kidney disease.

How to live as diabetic

If you are a diabetic, it’s very important to look after your own well-being and health with the support of those around you. Taking care of your health will make treating the condition much easier. Some of the lifestyle change includes

Healthy eating- Diabetics needs to eat a healthy and balanced diet. They need to have a variety of diet and a range of foods as long as you are eating healthily. Although you don’t have to completely eliminate sugar, they should be limited. When it comes to managing diabetes, you need to eat regularly.

Regular exercise- Since physical exercise lowers the blood sugar level you need to do it regularly if you are a diabetic, you should aim to do at least 2 hours of moderate aerobic activity such as fast walking, cycling among others.

Limit alcohol- As a diabetic, you need to either stop drinking or limit the amount of alcohol that you take. Alcohol not only causes high blood sugar but also affect your body’s ability to carry out insulin treatment

Apart from these, you also need proper foot care, eye tests, and keeping well.